Emma Tenayuca was a Mexican American activist and educator. Born December 21, 1916in San Antonio, Texas, Tenayuca was a key figure in Texan labor and civil rights activism during the 1930’s, where she organized protests over the beatings of Mexican migrants by United States Border Patrol agents and labor strikes to end unfair wages. As a union activist, she also founded two international ladies’ garment workers unions and was involved in both the Worker’s Alliance of America and Woman’s League for Peace and Freedom.
Throughout her fight for labor and civil rights, Tenayuca was arrested many times under charges of “disturbing the peace”, even though her participation during protests was strictly peaceful. She was also targeted for being a member of the Communist Party, which resulted in her being “blacklisted” and forced to move out of the San Antonio area 1939. After leaving her hometown she went on to attend San Francisco State College where she majored in Education. Years later Tenayuca returned to San Antonio and earned a master’s in Education from Our Lady of the Lake University, leading her to eventually go on to teach in the Harlandale School District until her retirement in 1982.
Shortly after her retirement Emma Tenayuca was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease and passed away on July 23, 1999.
There are some red-hot gems in this piece analyzing Ferguson. Things I haven’t seen anywhere else yet. For example:
Further, some media coverage is portraying Ferguson as anachronistic, a place where “civil rights and black power never happened,” while at the same time, we’ve seen other coverage saying “this could happen in any number of similar suburbs.” Could both be true? We wonder, in this regard, whether the Ferguson rebellion is a reflection of the gentrification patterns of recent decades. After 1973ish, most big U.S. cities hired and elected blacks–but we are not sure the same can be said of outlying suburban areas, like Ferguson. And now, with gentrification pushing black and brown people out of urban cores, the latter are moving into suburban areas, which may display a more classically white supremacist state formation. As this process continues, might we see similar clashes in White Plains, New Rochelle, Worcester, New Bedford, and the like?
The classical relation (or what has now become a tension) of reform and revolution–that the development of labor power and citizenship (and its attending political forms) can be incorporated into the capital’s accumulation, so as to gradually strengthen labor’s ability to seize control of society–is probably broken. But even if capital today shows an inability to incorporate reforms as it did in earlier periods, it clearly still has the ability to adapt, and play upon real unevenness in development and the political order. Capital has an insidious pattern of trying to absorb and reconcile it’s conflicts, and Ferguson is no different here. A range of mediations remain viable, including what we would think of as a “rainbow coalition” of political organizers and rioters. Beyond that, the trajectories of reform are not being explicitly drawn here, leaving different paths for this struggle to take.
Imagine that at the end of Dumbledore’s speech at the beginning of the year, he asks if there are any questions, and one first year muggleborn kid raises his hand, whips out a smart phone and asks for the wifi password.
And then Dumbledore just casually says “Sherbet lemon, with a capital S”, and commences the feast like it’s no big deal while the non-muggleborns think WIFI is some sort of secret society.
Ya except there’s no way Dumbledore would name the WiFI password the same as the password for the Order’s Headquarters.
Historical fact: people stopped being human in 1913. That was the year Henry Ford put his cars on rollers and made his workers adopt to the speed of the assembly line. At first, the workers rebelled. They quit in droves, unable to accustom their bodies to the new pace of the age. Since then, however, the adaptation had been passed down: we’ve all inherited it to some degree, so that we plug right into joysticks and remotes, to repetitive motions of a hundred kinds.