Our third installation (of five) in a series on Marx’s ideas.
Human activity is social labor. Since people are constituted by social cooperation the means of production unites the individual labors into a whole. However, in capitalism there is only an indirect relation between labor and the means of labor, individual labor, as well as labor and the uses it creates and needs. Marx defines this situation as abstract because there is no direct connection among and between all three of these relations. This is the value form.